The substance that comes out when we ejaculate is a combination of sperm and semen. Sperm are the swimmers that enter the female egg to make a foetus, and semen is the substance that holds our sperm to carry it on its path intact.
If we get a blockage in the tube containing our semen, if we don’t produce enough sperm, or if the consistency of our sperm isn’t good, it can make it difficult or unlikely to conceive a child naturally. This is what we call male infertility.
Signs and Symptoms
The biggest symptom of infertility is that everything appears to work internally, but you haven’t been pregnant with your child. If you’ve been trying without success for over a year, go and see a doctor to check out your swimmers. Whether infertility can be traced back to a low sperm count, poor sperm quality, or a medical condition, this may be something the doctor will consult with you to remedy.
Male infertility can affect any age of people. The older you are, though, the more often you will have difficulties in conceiving.
There are a number of factors that can cause infertility, including: unhealthy lifestyle, for example.
- Chemical exposure.
- Poor diet, getting overweight, use of drugs.
- Health situations.
The healthier the practice, the more sperm you will produce and the higher the quality of the sperm.
The doctor will ask you questions about your sexual history, such as what STIs you have had, what operations you have had, your current lifestyle, and what medications you have had that can cause infertility.
To determine the quantity and quality of your sperm, you will be asked for a semen sample. Your sperm quality might vary from sample to sample, so if you don’t have any issues with the tests from the first one, you’ll have to send another sample.
The testicles will be checked in the tubes containing the sperm for swelling or signs of a blockage.
To check your hormone levels, you may need a blood test. If the cause can not be determined by the doctor, you will be referred for further examination to a fertility clinic.
Aside from advising you to take proper diet, exercise and supplements for men. Your doctor can offer different treatment options based on the test results and whether the cause can be identified. These might include: therapy for hormones or changes in habits. If your sperm count is small, you may want to consider alternatives such as artificial insemination with your partner.